No. The problem can be caused by both the male and the female partner.
- 40% because of women
- 40% because of men
- 10% because of both
- 10% because of unknown causes
Yes. Both male sperm and female egg quality is affected by smoking.
It depends on age. Before 28 years, the couple can wait for a year try it themselves. After that six month is enough as a trial period. However, pass 33 years, they need not wait for more than three months.
Only IVF fertilization success rate as a whole is 25-30%.
ICSI increases the fertilization rate up to 65-70%. Culturing the embryo till the Blastocyst stage and transferring it on the fifth day (which needs expertise and special media) improves the success rate by 25%.
In repeated IVF failure cases, PGS (Prenatal Gentle Screening) and embryo transfer increases pregnancy rate up to 70% (per transfer).
All these are done at MAGS.
PCOS is probably a genetic problem, which becomes overt with modern day lifestyle management. The basic reason for PCOS i.e. insulin resistance will remain there. But the consequences like obesity, acne, unwanted hair growth, menstrual problems, infertility and diabetes in later life can be controlled and postponed.
When a male child is in mother’s womb, the testis are formed at about 20 weeks and precursors of sperm form there at the adolescent age with the help of male hormone production. Thus sperms get matured and ejaculated out the testis. So, no new sperms can be formed. However inefficient hormonal reasons can be treated and improve the sperm quality.
Evidences are there that endometrial tissues are detected in a uterus at the age of 24 weeks of the fetus. In young girls, it stars from the very commencement of menstrual stage. However, in majority of cases it starts in adolescence and detected later.
- Older women with age-related fertility decline are the main group of patients who need donor eggs.
- Some younger women have an early ovarian failure or ovarian insufficiency where both their number of eggs and ovarian function are greatly diminished.
- Rare genetic conditions may require donor eggs.
- Failed IVF cycles can be emotionally difficult to deal with, but may open doors to donor eggs.
- Single males also require donor eggs as part of fertility treatments.
- Carriers of inheritable genetic diseases and known genetic illness.
Men continue to produce sperm throughout their lives, a man’s decrease in sperm characteristics occurs much later. Sperm quality deteriorates somewhat as men get older, but it generally does not become a problem before a man is in his 60s. There is no maximum age at which a man cannot father a child, as evidenced by men in their 60s and 70s conceiving with younger partners. However aging men may develop medical illnesses that adversely affect their sexual and reproductive function. Alcohol, Obesity, and Diabetes can affect sperm quality which is acquired due to lifestyle changes over time. Sperm production can deteriorate with increasing period of smoking and previously fertile men can experience infertility problems.
During IVF treatment medications are given to stimulate the reproductive systems. As a result, women are exposed to high levels of estrogen, which the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences lists as a known carcinogen. But based on current research, scientists say there’s little cause for concern. As for ovarian cancer infertility, itself is associated with a higher risk. When compared to the general population infertile women have a higher incidence of ovarian cancer, but not one that is caused by IVF. The drugs have recently been linked to a very small increased risk for non-invasive ovarian tumors. But experts don’t believe the dangers are significant enough to warrant extra screenings for women who have taken fertility drugs in the past. Fertility medications don’t raise the risk of breast cancer, though they may accelerate the growth of pre-existing breast cancer. Hence before starting it is mandatory to check for breast diseases.
Fertility treatments raise hormone levels for a matter of days which is far less time than the heightened hormonal exposure in nine months of pregnancy. Hence the risks for cancer development is not a concern.
Embryo and endometrial dialogue have led to the identification of a ‘window of implantation’. The implantation window is characterized by changes to the endometrium cells, which aid in the absorption of the uterine fluid. These changes bring the blastocyst nearer to the endometrium and immobilize it. The first step of implantation is the formation of the foetal–maternal interface. Next crucial step is the invasion of the embryo into the endometrium.
Here are some of the tips:
- Aim for a healthy weight
- Go easy on the alcohol
- Avoid toxic chemicals in the workplace
- Quit smoking
- Eat more Greens, less pizza
Here are some of the tips:
- Irregular periods
- Painful or heavy periods
- Pain during sex
- Changes in sexual desire
- Testicle pain or swelling
- Problems maintaining erection