Why Semen Analysis Is Important Before IVF?
Infertility is not a place where women can be blamed all the time as our society does to women. Still there is a point to get highlighted enough with respect to Infertility in couples across the world and that is “Male infertility”. First of all, infertility is not a curse. Infertility is a disease that must be cured from both ends; male and female.
Male infertility is male’s inability to cause pregnancy after having regular unprotected intercourses with a fertile female. In humans it contributes for 40–50% of infertility across the world. Male infertility affects approximately 7% of men in the world wide. Male infertility occurs majorly because of quality deficiencies in the semen. Semen quality is used as a surrogate measure of male fertility. Male infertility is due to
- Low sperm production
- Abnormal sperm functioning
- Blockage that prevents delivery of sperm
- Motility of sperm
- Quality of sperm
Abnormalities that should be notified before IVF:
- Aspermia means absence of semen.
- AzooSpermia means absence of sperm.
- HyperSpermia means high semen volume.
- HypoSpermia means low semen volume.
- AsthenozooSpermia means poor sperm motility.
- TeratozooSpermia means morphological defects in sperm.
- NecrozooSpermia means dead sperms are only available in ejaculated specimen.
- LeukoSpermia means a presence of high level of white blood cells in semen.
Symptoms of male infertility:
- Problems with sexual function — for example, difficulty with ejaculation or small volumes of fluid ejaculated, reduced sexual desire, or difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
- Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
- Recurrent respiratory infections
- No smell in sperm
- Abnormal breast growth in male (gynecomastia)
- Decreased facial or body hair or any other sign of a chromosomal or hormonal abnormality
- A lower than normal sperm count or a less denser sperm
- Pain, discomfort while having sexual function or a lump or swelling in the testicle area
- Low sex drive, erection or ejaculation problems or other problems with sexual function
Semen collection before In vitro fertilisation (IVF):
Semen collection is the process of obtaining semen from male humans or other animals with the use of various methods, for the purposes of artificial insemination.
How: The most common way to collect semen is by masturbation, directing the semen into a clean sample cup. Or you can collect a semen sample during sex by withdrawing your penis from your partner just before ejaculating and then ejaculate into a clean sample cup.
Semen analysis before In vitro fertilisation (IVF):
After collecting the semen from a male patient, analysis is very important step behind the success of In-vitro-fertilisation. This is also known as a sperm count test. It analyzes the health and viability of a Patient’s sperm. Semen is the fluid containing sperm (along with other sugar and protein substances) that’s released during ejaculation. A semen analysis measures three major factors of sperm health: the number of sperm, strength of sperm and functionality of sperm.
How: Semen analysis is where samples can show substantial variation, a minimum of 2 properly collected and transported samples, ideally collected over 2 sperm-autogenic cycles, should be examined at 37°C. This may unnecessarily prolong the investigation for patients and is recommended only if there is a recent insult to spermatogenesis.
Semen injection for In vitro fertilisation (IVF):
In traditional IVF, 50,000 or more swimming sperm of a male patient are placed next to the egg picked up from the female patient’s ovary, in a laboratory dish. Before a sperm fertilises an egg, the head of the sperm should get attached to the outer layer of the egg properly. Sometimes sperm cannot penetrate the outer layer of the egg. Then other medicine aided therapies must be applied.
Hence treatment of your semen is the very first step towards a success full In vitro fertilisation and a healthy baby after birth.
Frequently Asked Questions
A dream to become a mother always takes an examination of patient and tolerance. IVF is a journey to become a mother. Mothers are worshiped by the whole universe because of the pain they sustain to give a birth of beautiful life. Embryo implantation can sometimes causes a minor amount pain. In case of extent pain you must consult your physician to take care of some mishap occurred.
IVF is not a single step procedure. It takes a series of specimen collection, research and implantation. Time varies for the patients of various groups of ages and BMI.
In general it takes 6 to 8 weeks.
After embryo transplantation you are suggested to take a bed rest for 1-2 hours. You are probably suggested to take rest at that clinic only. After that you can follow your regular routine.
Your gynaecologist will suggest you a few tests to know your fertility level.
- AMH test will tell a story about your ovary to prepare zygote. It tells how much capable your ovary is.
- Pap test will detect the state of your cervix and any other interference of sexually transmitted diseases.
- Semen analysis is the way to know the fertility state of a man.