How Obesity Threats Fertility?
7 Major reasons that shows brutality to your chances of being a mother, solutions and motivations
Gaining weight is very common factor in our sedentary lifestyle. For all adults it is a point to be concerned as most of the adults increase their weight by 0.5 kg / year. Along with this,it is a particular concern for women in various stages of their lives.
The evidence for the adverse effects of obesity on women’s health is overwhelming and indisputable as well. Obesity, especially abdominal obesity, is focused to the metabolic syndrome and is strongly related to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women.
- When are you obese?
Your body mass index can tell you the state of your obesity.
Where BMI ( body mass index) is a ratio of your body weight in kg divided by the square of your height in meters.
- Worldwide statics of obesity in female
As obesity is intuitively getting part in our lives, we must become aware of the consequences it’s results and impacts.
- What are the major threats to women’s health due to obesity?
Obesity negatively impacts the health of women in many ways. Being overweight or obese increases the relative risk of diabetes and coronary artery disease in women’s health. Women who are obese have a higher risk of lower back pain and knee osteoarthritis. Obesity highly affects both contraception and fertility as well. Maternal obesity is linked with higher rates of cesarean section as well as higher rates of high-risk obstetrical conditions such as diabetes and hypertension. Pregnancy outcomes are negatively affected by maternal obesity (increased risk of neonatal mortality and malformations). Maternal obesity is associated with a decreased intention to breastfeed, decreased initiation of breastfeeding, and decreased duration of breastfeeding. There seems to be an association between obesity and depression in women, though cultural factors may influence this association. Obese women are at higher risk for multiple cancers, including endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, breast cancer, and perhaps ovarian cancer.
- How obesity leads your health towards massive diseases?
Overweight and obesity are epidemic in the United States. Obesity is a risk factor for numerous conditions, including diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, stroke, heart disease, certain types of cancer, and arthritis. The prevalence of obesity is high, exceeding 30% in adult women and men. Many women, irrespective of demographic characteristics or income, are vulnerable to becoming overweight or obese because of limited resources for physical activity and healthy food choices, work commitments, and family demands. Clinicians and public health officials should address not only individual behavior but also the built environment in their efforts to reduce overweight and obesity in their patient populations.
To highlight the related threat to public health, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared obesity a global epidemic, also stressing that in many cases it remains an under-recognized problem of public health.
- Other issues
1.Moms-to-be who are overweight are more likely to get gestational diabetes and preeclampsia, dangerously high blood pressure that can harm both you and your baby. There’s a greater chance that you’ll need a C-section to give birth and that your baby could be born too soon, be stillborn, or have brain or spinal cord problems. Ask your doctor to manage your weight safely when you’re pregnant.
2.When you gain weight as an adult, whether or not it makes you obese, you’re more likely to get some cancers, including breast, colorectal, endometrial, and kidney. It might be because fat cells make hormones that change how cells grow. Or it might be that habits that lead to weight gain are similar to those that lead to cancer. Eat healthy and stay active to help avoid cancer, regardless of your weight.
3.Being an overweight or obese woman you will face certain more problems.
- Obesity threats fertility!
1.High risk pregnancy with high BMI: Many obese women are vitamin deficient. Forty percent are deficient in iron, 24 percent in folic acid and 4 percent in B12. This is a concern because certain vitamins, like folic acid, are very important before conception, lowering the risk of cardiac problems and spinal defects in newborns. Other vitamins, such as calcium and iron, are needed throughout pregnancy to help babies grow.
Vitamin deficiency has to do with the quality of the diet, not the quantity. Obese women tend to stray away from fortified cereals, fruits and vegetables, and eat more processed foods that are high in calories but low in nutritional value.
Just like everybody else, women considering pregnancy or currently pregnant should get a healthy mix of fruits and vegetables, lean proteins and good quality carbohydrates. These are not the foods people lean towards when they overeat. Women also need to be sure they are taking vitamins containing folic acid before and during pregnancy.Obese patients need to gain at least 15 pounds during pregnancy.
Pregnant women who are even marginally overweight or with high blood sugar levels could face risks not only for themselves, but for their unborn babies.
Obstetricians routinely monitor a mother-to-be’s weight and blood sugar during pregnancy. Women may develop gestational diabetes, which is any form of glucose intolerance or high blood sugar that begins during pregnancy. According to WHO 18% of pregnant women develop this condition.
2.Obesity and PCOS: Reproductive disturbances are more common in obese women regardless of the diagnosis of PCOS. Obese women are more likely to have menstrual irregularity and anvolatory infertility than normal-weight women. In reproductive-age women, the relative risk of anovulatory infertility increases at a BMI of 24 kg/m2 and continues to rise with increasing BMI. Consistent with a pathophysiologic role for obesity, weight reduction can restore regular menstrual cycles in these women. However, few studies have examined visceral fat content in women with PCOS. Studies of isolated abdominal fat cells from women with PCOS have revealed larger-sized cells in both obese and nonobese women with PCOS compared to control women, suggesting a preferential abdominal accumulation of adipose tissues.
The ultimate result of this condition can tend to give you infertility in a large form.
3.Endometrial cancer assisted by obesity : Fat tissue (also called adipose tissue) produces excess amounts of estrogen, high levels of which have been associated withincreased risks of breast, endometrial, ovarian, and some othercancers. Obese people often have increased blood levels of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1).
Uterine and endometrial cancers form in the cells that make up the endometrium,the tissue that lines the inner layer of the uterus. Uterine and endometrial cancers have similar cell types and behaviors and often respond the same to treatment. Obesity plays a role that ignites this condition. Also the obese women have moe chances to grow this condtions.
*Who’s at Risk for Uterine and Endometrial Cancers?
Any woman can develop uterine or endometrial cancer, but certain factors may increase your risk, including:
- Age over 50
- First menstruation (menarche) at an early age
- Endometrial hyperplasia, a precancerous condition
- A family history of reproductive cancers or colon cancer
- Late menopause
- Obesity or a high-fat diet
- Ovarian diseases, including polycystic ovarian syndrome
- Postmenopausal status
- Having a previous cancer diagnosis
- Taking Tamoxifen — a drug that affects a woman’s hormones — after breast cancer
- The use of estrogen replacement therapy without progesterone
4. Cancer caused due to obesity: The possible reasons that obesity is linked with cancer include: Increased levels of insulin and insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), which may help some cancers develop. Chronic, low-level inflammation, which is more common in people who are obeseand is linked with an increased cancer risk.
Being overweight or obese is clearly linked to an overall increased risk of cancer. According to research from the American Cancer Society, excess body weight is thought to be responsible for about 8% of all cancers in the United States, as well as about 7% of all cancer deaths.
Here’s a list that shows the different cases of cancer caused due to obesity.
In fact, being overweight or obese is linked to a higher risk of 13 different types of cancer, as identified in a 2016 review from a working group assembled by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Overweight- and obesity-related cancers now account for 40% of all cancers in the world, and recent studies point to fat around the midsection as particularly problematic.
5.Breast cancer: Excess weight increases a woman’s breast cancer risk, but only after menopause. (It increases breast cancer risk for men too.) Postmenopausal women who are obese have about a 20% to 40% greater risk of developing breast cancer than women at a healthy weight, according to the NCI, and each additional five points you go up in body mass index or BMI increases the risk by 12%. Fat tissue produces estrogen; after menopause, it becomes a woman’s main source of the hormone. But estrogen fuels some breast cancers. Excess body fat can mean extra estrogen, thereby increasing breast cancer risk.
6.Ovarian cancer: Cancer of the ovaries is also slightly more common among heavier women. A five-point increase in BMI increases a woman’s risk by 10%, according to the WHO. Like breast and endometrial cancers, ovarian cancer may also be fueled by the estrogen produced in excess fat tissue, or by metabolic dysfunction like insulin resistance.
- A solution to obesity you must adopt
Many of the strategies that produce successful weight loss and maintenance will help prevent obesity. Improving your eating habits and increasing physical activity play a vital role in preventing obesity. Things you can do include:
- Eat five to six servings of fruits and vegetables daily. A vegetable serving is one cup of raw vegetables or one-half cup of cooked vegetables or vegetable juice. A fruit serving is one piece of small to medium fresh fruit, one-half cup of canned or fresh fruit or fruit juice, or one-fourth cup of dried fruit.
- Choose whole grain foods such as brown rice and whole wheat bread. Avoid highly processed foods made with refined white sugar, flour and saturated fat.
- Weigh and measure food to gain an understanding of portion sizes. For example, a three-ounce serving of meat is the size of a deck of cards. Avoid super-sized menu items particularly at fast-food restaurants. You can achieve a lot just with proper choices in serving sizes.
- Balance the food “checkbook.” Eating more calories than you burn for energy will lead to weight gain.
- Weigh yourself regularly.
- Avoid foods that are high in “energy density” or that have a lot of calories in a small amount of food. For example, a large cheeseburger and a large order of fries may have almost 1,000 calories and 30 or more grams of fat. By ordering a grilled chicken sandwich or a plain hamburger and a small salad with low-fat dressing, you can avoid hundreds of calories and eliminate much of the fat intake. For dessert, have fruit or a piece of angel food cake rather than the “death by chocolate” special or three pieces of home-made pie.
- Crack a sweat: accumulate at least 30 minutes or more of moderate-intensity activity on most, or preferably, all the days of the week. Examples include walking a 15-minute mile, or weeding and hoeing the garden.
- Make opportunities during the day for even just 10 or 15 minutes of some calorie-burning activity, such as walking around the block or up and down a few flights of stairs at work. Again, every little bit helps.
Health is the only wealth that we need to take care of the most. Obesity is one of the most considerable issues at this respect.